Ideology and US Foreign Policy

Download PDF To what extent does ideology — as outlined and discussed by Hunt — influence contemporary US foreign policy? You may give examples from “Constructive Engagement in South Africa”. Hunt examines at great lengths in his book “Ideology and U.S. Foreign Policy” the way in which the United States’ relatively brief but extraordinarily well-documented history in the field of political theory remains a key factor in contemporary decision making when it comes to foreign policy.  These historical influences are often based off of the — Read more →

Gaelic Emigration Poetry

Download PDF What view of emigration emerges in the poetry composed by the emigrant poets? The Highland Clearances were perhaps the most disruptive events in the history of the Gaelic world.  They displaced thousands of people from their traditional homes in the crofts of the Highlands who were forced to seek new lands to call their home, whether on the shores of the Highlands, in the central belt of Scotland or even further afield in the “New World” of Canada, America or Australia.  These events — Read more →

Protectionism & Development

Download PDF Are protectionist policies necessary for development?  Discuss using traditional and contemporary examples. Protectionism is the economic policy of states deliberately minimising trade with other states in order to protect their own industries.  It is a policy that has proved successful throughout the centuries in developing strong economies but is considered negatively in the modern neoliberal era by international institutions such as the World Bank, International Monetary Fund and the United Nations, with free trade being seen as the standard to which international financial — Read more →

Is PR more democratic than FPTP?

Download PDF Elections are the centrepiece of the democratic process in countries across the world.  With direct democracy being practically inefficient in governing large groups of people, particularly on a state-wide level, elections are needed to choose representatives who will legislate and govern on behalf of the people.  This essay will compare the two most prominent competing types of electoral system: proportional representation and first-past-the-post, and show how proportional representation is more democratic by involving more of the electorate and producing governments that work for — Read more →

Population changes in 19th Century Gaelic society

Download PDF What were the issues affecting population changes in the nineteenth century Gaelic society and what sources of evidence can we cite for these changes? The 19th century was one of the most turbulent times in history for the Highlands of Scotland and for the Gaelic-speaking community and society that lived there.  The effects of land clearances and emigration began to take a real toll on the demographic of the Gaelic world at the start of the 19th century – as people were left — Read more →