Who votes for extreme right parties in Western Europe?

Download PDF Understanding the phenomena of the extreme right can be difficult, and despite extensive academic discussion of the parties’ place on the political spectrum, conclusions on its ideology and of connected voting behaviour remain incomplete. This essay will discuss the current state of the extreme right polity, examining the socio-demographic and attitudinal factors that seem to suggest a propensity to vote for extreme right parties in elections in Western Europe.  This will include academic research into the explanations of who votes for the parties — Read more →

The effect of Gaelic education on speaker distribution in Scotland

Download PDF Gaelic has undergone the beginnings of a revival across Scotland in the most recent decades.  While speaker numbers are still falling, and the dangers to the future of the language are still real and threatening, there has been success in arresting the steep and sharp decline that could well have seen Gaelic disappear from Scotland altogether.  Aside from cultural efforts to restore the language through its’ always vibrant cultural scene, Government policy from both the UK and Scottish Governments have seen new innovations — Read more →

Is a new Cold War emerging?

Download PDF The Cold War ended in the early 1990s and heralded what was hoped would be the rise of a new era of peace and prosperity under a “New World Order”.  The Soviet Union had collapsed and fragmented, leaving the United States as the world’s only superpower. While for a time it appeared that the dominance and hegemony of the United States, an era of Pax Americana, would go uncontested – now there can be said to be the beginnings of new challengers that — Read more →

Is the US an ally or antagonist to Iran?

Download PDF From the Second World War onwards the United States has had a growing role in the Middle East.  While the US waged the Cold War with the Soviet Union and the domestic economy became ever more dependent upon the commodity of oil, the Middle East became one of the foci of United States foreign policy.  Iran was one of the key states with which the United States had a relationship, with the regime of the ruling Shah being propped up by the United — Read more →

Who was most responsible for starting the Cold War?

Download PDF The Cold War was an ideological and political struggle between the United States of America and the Soviet Union that lasted for the bulk of the 20th century following World War II.  From being allies of necessity in that conflict against the axis powers of Nazi Germany and Japan, both emerged as paranoid and opposing superpowers in a world that was weary of war but also open to influence and persuasion in a way that it had never been before.  This essay will — Read more →